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Instructions for HIST 1305 Essay

Using 4 of the primary texts supplied IN THE FOLDERS ABOVE, write a 750-word essay that demonstrates how proponents and the opponents of slavery used two of the four analytical concepts that framed this course (Mobility, Democracy, Capitalism, and Difference).  You should explain how these writers used American history to defend their positions. Your paper should conclude by explaining why some contemporaries of slavery may have found certain arguments compelling, while others found them offensive (to conclude effectively, you will need to explain the historical context in which these texts were written, based on what you have read in the Keene text and learned in class discussion). NB: you are not expected to incorporate  all sources listed, just those relevant to your approach to paper prompt. Your paper must be submitted as a MS Word document, which can be attached and uploaded by clicking the red text, above.

Please note that the proslavery texts reflect the racism found in many quarters of nineteenth-century America.  As historians, it is only right that we reject these views as we analyze how these writers constructed their defense of slavery.  Other researchers have noted that the proslaveryappeal to racism was intended  to undermine the Abolitionist efforts to put forth “all men are created equal” as the core American value (see the antislavery texts).  Please beware that the level of racism seen in these documents can be shocking and disturbing to modern readers. 

No secondary sources, other than the Keene text, should be integrated into this paper’s analysis. 

  • Your paper should briefly introduce your paper’s topic or question and provide a thesis statement. In a paper of this size, your introduction and thesis statement should appear on the first page, in the paper’s first paragraph.
  • Your paper should show that you reasoned through the evidence in a fair-minded way. In other words, you should state (paraphrase) what your evidence says and not what you wish it said or think it should say. You need to state the evidence fairly, even if you think it wrong or offensive.
  • Your paper should use evidence to answer the historical question. You need to explain how the evidence answers the question. The easiest way to figure this is to think through your evidence and argument using one or more of the key concepts for this course.
  • Your paper should briefly explain an implication or limitation of your analysis. For an implication, you might consider how your analysis sheds light on one of the course’s key terms. For a limitation, you  might note which key concepts your analysis does not (or cannot) address.
  • Your paper should develop and organize your thoughts clearly and logically. Outlining is a necessary, but not required, step in writing a well-organized paper.
  • Your paper should draw a conclusion that addresses the paper’s chief topic or question and that states your answer to the question or your contribution to the topic.

How to cite the sources using MLA:  Below you will see examples of the formatting for citing your sources.  Note that there is an “in text” format, which appears after you directly cite or paraphrase a passage from one of the sources.  The “cited reference page” format is for listing only the sources you use, at the very end of the paper.CRP= Cited Reference Page StyleITR= In-Text Reference StyleTextbookCRP: Keene, Jennifer D., Saul Cornell, Edward T. O’Donnell. Visions of America: A History of the United States. New York: Pearson. 2017.ITR: (Keene et. al. <insert page #>)Antislavery Primary SourcesCRP: “Declaration of Sentiments of the American Anti-Slavery Convention [1833]” in Proceedings of the American Anti-Slavery Society at the Third Decade. New York: American Anti-slavery Society, 1864. ITR: (“Declaration, ” 17-21) CRP: “1848 Free Soil Party Platform.” Web. ITR:  (“Free Soil “)CRP: Child, [Lydia Maria]. An Appeal in Favor of that Class of Americans Called Africans. New York: John S. Taylor. 1836.ITR:  (Child, 106-8)CRP: Garrison, William Lloyd. “An Excerpt from The Great Crisis!” The Liberator. Vol. II., No. 52. December 29, 1832. Web. Fair Use Repository.ITR:  (Garrison )CRP: Lincoln, Abraham. “Peoria Speech,” Peoria, Ill. October 16, 1854. Web. National Park ServiceITR:  (Lincoln )CRP: Truth, Sojourner. “Ain’t I a Woman?” December 1851. Web. Fordham University, Modern History Sourcebook.ITR:  (Truth )Proslavery TextsCRP: Christy, David. Cotton is King: Slavery in the Light of Political Economy.   Fully reprinted in E.N. Elliot, ed., Cotton is King and Proslavery Arguments. Augusta: Pritchard, Abbott, and Loomis. 1860.ITR:  (Christy, 44) or (Christy, 55-6)CRP: Fitzhugh, George. “Slavery Justified.” 1854. Pearson Education. 1995-2005.  Web. ITR:  (Fitzhugh,“Slavery”)CRP: Fitzhugh, George. Sociology for the South: or, The Failure of Free Society. UNC Electronic Edition: 1998 [1854]. Web.ITR:  (Fitzhugh, “Sociology” 176-188) CRP: Hammond, James H. Selections from the Letters and Speeches of the Hon. James H. Hammond of South Carolina. New York: John F. Trow and Co. 1866. ITR:  (Hammond, 318-20)CRP: Harper, Chancellor. Slavery in the Light of Social Ethics, fully reprinted in E.N. Elliot, ed., Cotton is King and Proslavery Arguments. Augusta: Pritchard, Abbott, and Loomis. 1860.ITR:  (Harper 617-8)CRP: Stephens, Alexander. “The Cornerstone Speech.” March 1861. Web. Teaching History.ITR:  (Stephens )CRP: Taney, Roger. Opinion on Dred Scott Case. fully reprinted in E.N. Elliot, ed., Cotton is King and Proslavery Arguments. Augusta: Pritchard, Abbott, and Loomis. 1860.ITR:  (Taney, 756-758 )

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